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Daily current affairs jan17

Daily current affairs jan17

Shanghai Council meet

GS II: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests

Why in the news?India to invite Imran Khan  for Shanghai Council meet 

  • Pakistan Prime Minister will be invited to participate in the Heads of Government Council meeting of theShanghai Cooperation Organisation(SCO) that will be hosted in India this year. 

  • The invite move came hours after the UN Security Council discussed the situation in Kashmir.

  • As per the established practice and procedure within SCO, all eight members of the SCO, four observer states, and other international dialogue partners will be invited to attend the meeting.

  • Full time member of the SCO in 2017, both India and Pakistan have participated in multiple meetings of SCO and the Regional Anti­Terrorist Structure (RATS) despite hostilities and tension in Kashmir.

About Shanghai Cooperation Organisation:

  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation, the creation of which was announced on June 2001 in Shanghai (China) by the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People's Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, and the Republic of Uzbekistan. It was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism.

  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter was signed during the St.Petersburg SCO Heads of State meeting in June 2002, and entered into force on September 2003. 

  • This is the fundamental statutory document which outlines the organisation's goals and principles, as well as its structure and core activities.

Member states:

  • The SCO comprises eight member states, namely the Republic of India, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People's Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, and the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Observer states:

  • The SCO counts four observer states, namely the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, the Republic of Belarus, the Islamic Republic of Iran and  the Republic of Mongolia;

Dialogue partners:

  • The SCO has six dialogue partners, namely the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Armenia, the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, the Republic of Turkey, and the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.

                   ~Source The Hindu

 National Cooperative Consumer Federation 

GS II: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

Why in the news?Coal supply case: CBI books Adani Enterprises

The CBI has booked Adani Enterprises Ltd. and former top officials of the National Cooperative Consumer Federation (NCCF) for alleged corruption and cheating in the award of a contract for supply of imported coal to the Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corporation.

About National Cooperative Consumer Federation :

  • It comes under the ministry of consumer affairs,Food and public distribution

  • NCCF was established on October, 1965 to function as the apex body of consumer cooperatives in the country. It is registered under the Multi-State Co-operative Societies Act, 2002. 

  • It operates through a network of 29 Branch Offices located in different parts of the country.

  • NCCF Headquarters is situated in New Delhi. 

                                                                                                                             ~Source The Hindu

             Telecommunication Consumers Education and Protection Fund

GS III: Mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Why in the news?Unclaimed telco refunds to go into consumer fund

The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)  said telecom service providers will need to deposit all unclaimed money of consumers, including excess charges and security deposit, in the Telecommunication Consumers Education and Protection Fund (TCEPF).

About Telecommunication Consumers Education and Protection Fund (TCEPF):

  • The TCEPF Regulations, 2007 have been amended to provide the basic framework for depositing unclaimed money of consumers by service providers, maintenance of the TCEPF and other related aspects.

  • Any unclaimed / non refundable amount belonging to consumers in the TCEP fund will be utilized for the welfare measures of the consumers.

  • With this amendment, service providers will deposit any unclaimed consumer money of any form such as excess charges, security deposit, plan charges of failed activations, or any amount belonging to a consumer, which service providers are unable to refund to consumers.

Reasons for the amendment:

  • The TRAI observed that there is a need to bring clarity among service providers in depositing money which they are unable to refund to the consumers.

  • While some service providers were depositing money only on account of excess billing revealed in the audit, others were depositing unclaimed money such as security deposits and plan charges of failed activations.

Funds used :

It is prudent to deposit any such unclaimed / non refundable amount belonging to consumers in the TCEP funds as it will be utilised for the welfare measures of the consumers.

                                                                                                                             ~Source The Hindu

China-Myanmar Economic Corridor

GS II: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Why in the news?Xi starts Myanmar visit today, Beijing hopes to draw new power lines in the Bay of Bengal region

  • President Xi Jinping’s visit to Myanmar  promises to turn a region that was once known as the“back door”to China into a“highway”to the Bay of Bengal by launching multiple projects under the so-calledChina-Myanmar Economic Corridor.

  • The CMEC, in turn, is being presented as a critical element of Beijing’s ambitious Belt and Road Initiative.

  • China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) that connects Beijing’s far western province of Xinjiang to Karachi and Gwadar on the Arabian Sea, the CMEC to the Bay of Bengal has begun to define the changing economic geography on India’s eastern flank.

  • And between the two is theChina-Nepal Economic Corridor(CNEC). Unveiled by Xi during his visit to Nepal last year, it links Tibet to Nepal and knocks at the doors of the Gangetic plain. Together the three corridors underline the economic rise of China and its impact on the subcontinent and its immediate periphery.

  • The railway will eventually branch out (like the economic corridor) to Kyaukpyu on the western seaboard of Myanmar and Yangon in the south where the Irrawaddy river flows into the Bay of Bengal. 

  • The railway line to Kyaukpyu will align with the twin pipeline system that has been carrying oil and natural gas to Kunming, the capital city of Yunnan, for some years.

Daily current affairs jan17

Delhi’s counter to CMEC:

  • Delhi also needs to bring fresh energy to the dormant dialogue with Beijing on the so-called BCIM corridor involving Bangladesh, China, India and Myanmar. 

  • Although India has rejected China’s BRI, it has left the door open for cooperation with China on the BCIM corridor. After all, there are no sovereignty issues involved in the development of regional collaboration.

~Source IndianExpress

                                                      Suspension of the Internet

GS II: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

Why in the news?Suspension of the Internet: What the Rules say, what the SC underlined

  • The Supreme Court significantly strengthened checks on the government’s power to shut down the Internet. 

  • A major aspect of the verdict relates to the Rules passed in 2017 that outline how and when the government can enforce shutdowns. 

  • The Temporary Suspension of Telecom Services (Public Emergency or Public Safety) Rules were notified,there were no codified processes to block telecom servicesand the Internet in the country.

  • The Rules, issued under the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, stipulate that only the Home Secretary of the Union or a state can pass an order, and that the order must include the reasons for the decision. 

  • The order should be forwarded to the review committee the day after it is issued, and must be reviewed by the committee within five days to assess its compliance with Section 5(2) of The Telegraph Act, under which the government has the power to block the transmission of messages during a public emergency or for public safety.

Area before the 2017 Rules were notified:

  • Internet shutdowns were ordered underSection 144of theCode of Criminal Procedure, which gives District Magistrates broad powers during dangerous situations. After 2017, many local shutdowns are issued under this law. 

  • Section 69(A) of the IT (Amendment) Act, 2008 gives the government powers to block particular websites, not the Internet as a whole.

  • The Rules require the suspension to be temporary; also, the orders did not provide reasons for the restrictions.

           ~Source IndianExpress

Daily current affairs jan17